Alphabetic literacy: the ability to read and write texts needed in personal and professional life. (Source: Guide to First-Year Writing, Pg. 329)

Citation: A quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly work which provides you credibility in front of your audience. The importance of citation comes in two different ways: in order for your audience to believe what you are saying, and in order for you to be credible not coping someone else’s ideas. (Source: Oxford Dictionary, https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/citation)

Curate: to take care of and exhibit pieces of art. (Source: The Brooklyn Rail,https://brooklynrail.org/2013/04/art_books/the-culture-of-curating-and-the-curating-of-cultures)


Finding Aid: a document containing detailed information about a specific collection of papers or records within an archive. (Source: Society of American Archivists,https://www2.archivists.org/glossary/terms/f/finding-aid; Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finding_aid)

Gauge: to measure or estimate the amount or volume of something. (Source: Cambridge English Dictionary, https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/gauge)

Identifier: an identifier is a code composed of any unique combination of alphanumeric characters, underscore (_) and dash (-), that is unique across the entirety of Internet Archive, not simply unique within a single collection and once defined an identifier can not be changed. (Source: Internet Archives, http://internetarchive.readthedocs.io/en/latest/metadata.html)


Material culture: consists of every object that has had an impact on the culture of some society. It is referred as physical objects that people use to define their culture. (Source: Oxford Dictionary,http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110810105347145;  Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_culture)

Metadata: is data that provides information about other data. There are different kinds of metadata such as:

  • Descriptive metadata: describes a resource for purposes such as discovery and identification.
  • Metadata Catalog: is a mechanism for storing and accessing descriptive metadata and allows users to query, for data items based on desired attribute, the catalogue service that stores descriptive information (metadata) about logical data items.  (Source: Internet Archives, http://internetarchive.readthedocs.io/en/latest/metadata.html; Marbef wiki, http://www.marbef.org/wiki/Metadata_and_metadata_catalogues; Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metadata )

Methodology: a system of methods used in a particular area of study.

Prownian analysis: is a method of identifying and analyzing objects that could be identified as material culture. This process consists of various steps in which the investigator describes every detail of any physical material objectively (without giving any opinion) and then interprets what the value of this object is. For example, what it is trying to say, what was it used for or how much is this object giving up for interpretation. (Source: Haltman)


Rhetorical situation: is the context of critical thinking and writing, consisting of three basic components: text, author, and audience. (Source: Guide to First-Year Writing)

Tagging: to mark or add to something with a label. (Source: Dictionary.com, Wikipedia)

Thick description: a description based on a cultural context in order for people to understand the meaning of an object to a specific culture. (Source: Cognotive Edge)

Thesis Statement: statement or theory that is put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved. (Source: Oxford Dictionary)

Underpinnings: a set of ideas, motives, or devices that justify or form the basis for something. (Source: Oxford Dictionary)


Visual rhetoric: is an effort of communication through images in order to move specific audiences to think or act differently. (Source: Guide to First-Year Writing)